Stress at Workplace
Stress at the workplace is the response people have when given responsibilities or a job inappropriate to their abilities or skills, resources and support accorded to them by the people around their lives. The pressure from expectations the employer has makes it a challenge for the employees to cope if the job given doesn’t matched with their knowledge. Workplace stress harms the physical, mental and social well being of the employee. Stress at workplace is quite normal and can be useful in career development although if not handled well impacts negatively on the productivity of the employee. It’s normal because there are things that are out of the control of the employee in the work environment and how he approaches such brings the difference.
What brings about workplace stress?
Stress at workplace comes from various sources ranging from personal, interpersonal and work environment factors. The amount of workload given to an employee can act as stressor. Having a heavier workload than one can comfortably finish denies the employee peace of mind. Having a workload that underutilizes the ability of an employee can cause stress too.
If an employee is given work that is too hard for them to do, they strain physically and psychologically.
Creating a hostile working environment for the employees not only reduces their efficiency but also acts as a stressor. Threatening professional and personal status of an employee as well as denying them deserved credit contributes immensely to stress.
A disagreement with fellow workmates or employers at the workplace majorly arising from harassment is a stressor to employees.
Harassments based on sex mostly directed to women adversely affect their wellbeing. This can be noted in jobs that require muscle power where most women find it a challenge.
The status of the employee contributes to stress regardless of their duties. The low level employees are more vulnerable to stress than the powerful ones since they too can have workloads.
Managing stress at workplace
In order to minimise the negative impacts stress has on the productivity on employees, stress needs to be dealt with in ways that neither harm the employer nor the employee. Stress management starts with one taking care of their physical and emotional wellbeing. Healthy dietary practices and regular exercises make one feel good and better equipped for a job.
Organizing tasks according to their priorities improves their efficiency and contentment in the jobs. This is crucial in maintaining a stress free mind.
Work Stress Essay
Work Stress is Costly and Creates High Employee Turnover Introduction Stress at work has become a serious health and economic burden in the U.S. Today's workers are concerned about losing their job to downsizing, layoffs, mergers, and bankruptcies that have become common in the U.S. in recent years. Workers now have to work harder and are doing unfamiliar tasks. Adding to the pressures are new bosses, changing technology, electric surveillance equipment and a changing work force. Organizational managers are interested in maintaining a lower level of job stress for good reasons: high levels of stress can result in low productivity, increased absenteeism and turnover (Carrell, Elbert, Hatfield, 2000). Balancing a heavy workload with family responsibilities often results in high stress levels, poor coping, and insufficient time and energy for interacting with the important people in our lives (Farren 1999).
Job Market The unemployment rate is the lowest in 30 years, 4.5% or less, since April 1998. The unemployment rate is projected to continue to be low through the next 10 years. People are changing jobs in record numbers; a fact that is refueling the highest turnover rate in 20 years. The typical American worker holds nearly 9 different jobs before the age of 32. It is estimated that women will be 47.5% of the work force by 2008, up from 1998 levels of 46.3%. Men in the work force will decrease from 53.7% in 1998 to 52.5% by the year 2008 (BLS 2001).
Information about Stress The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the federal agency responsible for conducting research on psychological aspects of occupational safety and health, including stress at work. NIOSH defines job stress as "Harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker". Stress is hard to address since people perceive and handle stress differently; items stressful to one person my not be a problem for someone else. "The distress that a person may feel is not a result of what actually exists objectively in the job. It is a result of how the person perceives what is happening" (Sieber, 1996). While a certain amount of stress is necessary for human functioning, excessive stress is proven to be harmful to your health (Cornell, 2001). The NIOSH model of Job Stress illustrates that exposure to stressful working conditions can have a direct influence on workers safety and health (NIOSH 2001).
Causes of Stress Causes of stress in the work place come in many forms. Excessive workload demands, conflicting expectations, the people you work with, and poor working conditions are some of the reasons for increased stress.
Many of today's workers...
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