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Online Bibliographies

  • American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies
    Covers North American scholarship on East-Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
  • Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL)
    ABELL contains 860,000 records, covering monographs, periodical articles, critical editions of literary works, book reviews and collections of essays published anywhere in the world from 1920 onwards. Part of Literature Online (LION).
  • ARTbibliographies Modern (ABM)
  • ARTFL (Project for American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language)
    A full-text retrieval database of classical French writings; users can create a dictionary and frequency count of words used in a text, trace origins of words or phrases back through the 17th century, etc. The database includes literary works, political tracts, philosophical writings, and technical treatises.
  • Bibliographie Nationale Francaise
    French National Bibliography (BnF) of books and serials, available via free access by the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, describes books and serials published, printed, broadcast or distributed in France through legal deposit. Website includes links to two titles: Bibliographie nationale francaise Livres and Publications en serie. These electronic bibliographies replace print versions discontinued in 2000.
  • Bibliography of British and Irish History
    Bibliography of British and Irish History provides bibliographic data on historical writing dealing with the British Isles, and with the British Empire and Commonwealth, during all periods for which written documentation is available - from 55BC to the present. It is the successor to the Royal Historical Society Bibliography of British and Irish History, available online from 2002 to 2009.
  • Early American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639-1800
    Online version of the microfiche set Early American Imprints, 1639-1800. Resource for aspects of life in 17th- and 18th-century America, e.g., agriculture, auctions, foreign affairs, diplomacy, literature, music, religion, the Revolutionary War, temperance, and witchcraft.
  • English Short Title Catalogue
    Contains records for works printed in any language in England or its dependencies from the beginning of printing through the end of the eighteenth century, as well as works printed in English anywhere else in the world during that period. Includes the former Eighteenth-Century Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) and the two print short-title catalogues covering 1475-1640 (Pollard and Redgrave) and 1641-1700 (Wing).
  • Guide to Gay and Lesbian Resources
    Classified bibliography of works with homosexual themes based on the collections of the University of Chicago.
  • Handbook of Latin American Studies
    Contains scholarly evaluations of books and book chapters as well as conference papers and articles published worldwide in the field of Latin American studies. Covers social sciences and the humanities in alternate years.
  • IBZ Online
    Internationale Bibliographie der geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenliteratur (IBZ) The international bibliography of periodical literature covering all fields of knowledge, since 1896. Website is in English.
  • International Aristotle Bibliography
    The International Aristotle Bibliography Online gives access to over 50,000 books, articles, book reviews and dissertations on the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. The IABO is a comprehensive international bibliography comprising publications from the period of 1900 to the present (as well as some earlier printed works) in European languages on all aspects of Aristotle studies and closely related subjects.
  • International Medieval Bibliography
    International Medieval Bibliography covers the European Middle Ages (c450-1500). It provides over 300,000 entries from 4,500 periodicals and 5,000 miscellany volumes, published from and including 1967.
  • Iter : Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance
    Iter, meaning 'a journey' or 'a path' in Latin, is a non-profit research project with partners in Toronto, Canada (the headquarters), New York City, and Tempe, Arizona. The goal of Iter is to increase access to all published materials pertaining to the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700), through the development of online resources.
  • Making of America, Cornell University
    A digital library of primary sources in American social history, this site provides access to 267 monograph volumes and over 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints.
  • MIML: Musical Instruction and Musical Learning
    Bibliography on musical instruction and learning from 1450-1650, designed to cover the secondary literature on how music was taught and learned during the period, elucidating aspects such as the institutions, traditions, and practices of musical pedagogy in the Early Modern Period.
  • Oxford Music Online
    Includes the Oxford Dictionary of Music, Grove Music Online, and the Oxford Companion to Music.
  • Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies
    The Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies covers the social sciences and humanities with topics as diverse as archaeology, economics, history, law, linguistics, literary criticism, philosophy, political science, religious studies, and much more. The database includes citations and abstracts of journal articles, books, manuscripts, and dissertations published primarily in Russia, the republics of the former Soviet Union, and countries in Eastern Europe. The Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies covers from 1986 to the present, with two to three updates per year.
  • SARDS 3
    Bibliographic references to South Asia published in journals, collective volumes, conference proceedings, Festschriften, etc. SARDS 3 is a joint undertaking of the Indological Chairs at the Universities of Bonn, Halle, Munich and the management of the University Library Halle. It aims at the retrospective filling of identifiable bibliographic gaps in the previous version (SARDS 2, publications between 1797 and 2000). Focus of SARDS 3 is on humanities and social sciences. To date, over 67,000 citations are electronically searchable, covering the period 1797 until 2009. All entries can be downloaded and printed.
  • Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography
    Charles W. Bailey Jr.'s bibliography is intended to provide an "understanding [of] scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet and other networks" and includes sections on Economic Issues, Electronic Books and Texts, Electronic Serials, General Works, Legal Issues, Library Issues, New Publishing Models, and Publishers.
  • Ulrichsweb
    A bibliographic database providing detailed and authoritative information on journals and other serials published throughout the world. Ulrich's covers all subjects, and includes regularly and irregularly published serials that are available free or by paid subscription.
  • University of Iowa Libraries Manuscripts and Manuscript Collections
    Subject guides to more than 10,000 letters or manuscript pieces, principally from the 19th and 20th centuries: agriculture, labor, U.S. Vice President Henry A. Wallace and his era, journalism, popular culture, politics (especially Iowa), railroads, vaudeville, movies and television, and the American Civil War. Major literary manuscript collections relate to British writers Leigh Hunt, Edmund Blunden, Angus Wilson, and Iris Murdoch, and to over 100 Iowa authors.

Subject Guide

What is a bibliography for websites?

A bibliography for websites is a list of works cited from the internet that is included at the end of your essay. When you create a bibliography you need to list all of the sources that have informed your writing. This includes articles and information retrieved online.

Each academic institution will have a preferred style and guidelines on how they want the information presented, so it’s crucial that you follow it to ensure you don’t miss out on valuable marks. To view examples of how website citations are formatted in your academic institution, select your style from the list below.

How to write a website bibliography

Different source types require different formatting. So the way you reference websites used in your academic work is distinct from other formats, such as books.

The exact structure of the website citation will depend on whether you have the author information or not. If you do, you’ll need to include the author’s name and date of publication, along with the article title and URL of where you retrieved the information from. If the author’s name isn’t available then it’s acceptable to leave it out, but all the other information must be provided.

Is there an easier way? Yes, using RefME’s free mobile and web tools you can have the whole bibliography completed automatically in a matter of seconds in whichever style you choose. We’ve got 7,000 and counting – so you’re sure to find the one you need.

Website bibliography example

APA website example:

The Guardian. (2015, March 1). Business and finance news from Guardian US. The Guardian. Retrieved 21 May 2015, from


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