Hillis 1Jessica HillisMr. GillardAP US History18 December 2006Essay 15After the Civil War ended, a period known as Reconstruction began. Manybelieved that the Reconstruction period was a failure politically, economically andsocially. While Lincoln was still alive, Reconstruction was a success, but once AndrewJohnson became president after Lincoln’s assassination, Reconstruction took a turn forthe worse.First of all, Reconstruction was designed to re-integrate the South back into theUnion after the Civil War. Politically and economically President Lincoln helped when heproposed his “ten percent plan”, which stated that a state could be brought back into theUnion when 10 percent of its voters in the presidential election of 1860 had taken an oathof allegiance to the Union. The ten percent plan also meant that those southern states hadto abolish slavery.Lincoln showed compassion for the newly defeated Confederacy by vetoing theWade-Davis Bill of 1864. The Wade-Davis Bill stated that 50 percent of the voters had topledge allegiance to the Union, but no one who had served in the Confederate army or inConfederate office would be allowed to vote, increasing the impossibility for the southern
Advanced Placement United States History (also known as AP U.S. History or APUSH) is a course and examination offered by College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program.
The AP U.S. History course is designed to provide the same level of content and instruction that students would face in a freshman-level college survey class. AP U.S. History classes generally use a college-level textbook as the foundation for the course.
Commonly used textbooks that meet the curriculum requirements include:
American conservatives have criticized the curriculum for downplaying American exceptionalism and failing to foster patriotism. In 2014, there were protests against it in the Jefferson County Public Schools district in Colorado. In 2015, a bill to replace the curriculum was passed by the Oklahoma House of Representatives’ Education Committee, but later withdrawn.
The AP U.S. History exam lasts 3 hours and 15 minutes and consists of two sections; additionally, each section is divided into two parts. Section I, part A includes 55 multiple choice questions with each question containing four choices. The multiple choice questions cover American History from just before European contact with Native Americans to the present day. Moreover, section I, part B includes four short-answer questions. The first two questions are required, but students choose between the third and fourth questions. In total, students are given 95 minutes (55 for the multiple choice section and 40 for three short-answer questions) to complete section I.
Section II of the exam is the free-response section, in which examinees write two essays. Section II, part A, is a document-based question (DBQ), which provides an essay prompt and seven short primary sources or excerpts related to the prompt. Students are expected to write an essay responding to the prompt in which they utilize the sources in addition to outside information. Section II, part B, provides three thematic essay prompts. Students must respond to only one of the three essay prompts.
Each thematic essay question on the AP exam may address any one of four possible historical thinking skills: patterns of continuity and change over time, comparison, causation, or periodization. Both of the essay questions will address the same historical thinking skill. In addition, neither essay's time frame will be exclusively before 1607 (the founding of Jamestown) or after 1980 (President Reagan's election). There is a mandatory fifteen-minute reading period for students to read the essay prompts, take notes, and brainstorm; they may not begin to write the essays until this period has ended. Students will then have 85 minutes to write the two essays; 45 minutes are recommended for the DBQ and 40 minutes for the thematic essay, but students are free to work on the two essays as they see fit.
In May 2011, the AP U.S. History Test was taken by 402,947 students worldwide, making it second in terms of number of examinees, behind the AP English Language and Composition exam.
The AP U.S. History exam is divided into two sections. Section one consists of the multiple choice and short answer questions, while section two consists of the document-based question (DBQ) and a long essay question. Section one is worth 60% of the total AP exam score, with 40% of the total exam score derived from the student's performance on the multiple choice section and 20% of the total exam score derived from the student's performance on the short answer questions. The remaining 40% of the total exam score is derived from section two; the document-based question is worth 25% of the total exam score, while the long essay question is worth 15% of the total exam score.
The score distributions since 2007 were:
|Number of Students||333,562||346,641||360,173||387,416||406,086||427,796||442,890||462,766||469,689||489,281||505,302|
Composite score range
The College Board has released information on the composite score range (out of 180) required to obtain each grade:
|Final Score||Range (1996)||Range (2001)||Range (2002)||Range (2006)|
Note: The above composite score cut points reflect the pre-2011 grading formula which deducted 0.25 points for every incorrect multiple choice answer.