Essay on Brave New World: A Society of False Happiness
1663 Words7 Pages
From the moment of birth, to the moment of death, humans are flooded with emotions both good and bad. Individuals are continuously seeking fulfillment, some failing to find it while others succeed. Many seek adoration; love, accomplishment and greatness. In literature, authors take the readers on journeys that allow imagination, granting the possibility for the reader to grasp inner desires and decide what is truly important in life. Literature allows readers to dive into a different world where happiness and fulfillment is plentiful and eternal, also described as a utopia, while other pieces of literature direct the reader into a world of dissatisfaction which is a dystopia. Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is in 26th century England. With…show more content…
This novel suggests that there is more to life than just happiness; Brave New World insinuates that readers should seek freedom, knowledge and love in life. Huxley implies that without these fulfilling emotions and feelings, readers will be subject to a dreary and repetitive life.
Freedom is having the power to act, speak or think without restraint or limitations. To have free will and do as you please is very important in life. In Brave New World each caste is restricted to what the government wishes them to think or do. They have no freedom to choose what job to do, which class they belong to or what thoughts are in their brains. It is very hard to have freedom in this Brave New World when the citizens are subjected to rigorous operant conditioning, brainwashed by hypnopaedia from the moment of birth and imprisoned by a hallucinogen. These are "major instruments of social stability"(Huxley 5). The World State uses conditioning as a way to influence children to perform a certain way and like certain things. Conditioning is used in Brave New World to produce a society that is stable and where every citizen is content. The protagonist Bernard Marx longs for freedom and individuality. He ponders what it would be like "if [he] were free -- not enslaved by [his] conditioning" (78) showing his desire to be "free to be happy in some other way ... in [his] own way,
Science as the Main Tool of Control in the World State of Aldous Huxley
Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World represents the most perfect social system with minimum deviation probability. The system itself is based on consumerism which reduces any human activity to consumption of various material goods which leads to full satisfaction of society’s needs. Science is considered to be the fundamental power controlling this system as it has reached significant progress by the beginning of the narration. However, the most essential scientific achievements in the novel have been mostly focused on implementation of total control over the citizens of the World State, and also over all spheres of their lives.
Science in Huxley’s novel promoted the establishment of society comprised of people being unequal but evenly satisfied with their existence. This has been made possible by the introduction of ectogenesis allowing child-bearing to be synthesized as well as prenatal and postnatal human development to be brought under control. However, as “wordless conditioning is crude and wholesale” and it “cannot bring home the finer distinctions, cannot inculcate the more complex courses of behavior” it was decided to introduce an additional source of scientific manipulation – hypnopædia (Huxley, p. 21). As a result, all the necessary behavioral and thinking patterns being in the State’s best interest were put into people’s minds.
Science has also impacted religion since its original concepts were effectively excised from the consciousness of the populace (Scott, 2013). Technological course of mankind development has replaced spiritual beliefs of society with material ones. As a matter of fact, belief in God was replaced with belief in technologies while all the original religious habits were perverted and converted into promiscuous sexual intercourses and mass consumption of drugs (soma) inducing state of euphoria and inner detachment in individuals. Having the opportunity of satisfying its basic needs society consolidated one of the most essential dogmas of the World State: “God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness” (Huxley, p. 159).
Similarly to other dystopias the World State’s political system is presented by totalitarian regime which, in its turn, is closely connected with science as well. World Controllers use conventional methods of bringing society under control for implementing their power including compulsion, violence and ubiquitous propaganda, but actual realization of this power is executed, again, by means of technologies. Explicit form of violence takes place at an early age: from the very birth all infants of the State are put to tortures with electric shocks and loud noise which results in development of “instinctive hatred of books and flowers” that are considered to be potentially dangerous for stability of the whole society (Huxley, p. 17). Later on, mediate form of violence is executed expressed by hypnopædia, or sleep teaching, and soma, a synthetic drug intended to bring people to euphoria and absolute satisfaction.
Thus, science in Brave New World is considered to be the instrument that helps to eradicate those qualities from humans that could provoke the process of societal collapse. People of The World State are deprived of physical as well as moral freedom being conditioned strictly yet before their birth. The illusion of happiness being generated artificially and by violent force leads to total obedience from the direction of society and guarantees firmness of the foundations proclaimed in the motto of the World State: “COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY” (Huxley, p. 5).
Huxley, A. (1932). Brave New World. Retrieved from http://www.idph.com.br/conteudos/ebooks/BraveNewWorld.pdf
Kass, Leon R. (2000). ALDOUS HUXLEY Brave New World (1932). First Things, 101 (March 2000), 51-52. Retrieved from http://www.firstthings.com/article/2000/03/aldous-huxleybrave-new-world
Orwell, G. (1946). Review of “WE” by E.I. Zamyatin. Retrieved from http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/zamyatin/english/e_zamy
Scott, E. (2013). Orwell, Huxley and the Emerging Totalitarianism. New English Review (May 2013). Retrieved from http://www.newenglishreview.org/custpage.cfm/frm/138161/sec_id/138161
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