Harvard Referencing Appendix Before Or After Bibliography Website

I'm writing my first major report for the year and I need to have an appendix with images, charts, etc, but I have no clue how to use one. My university gave us a "Harvard Referencing Guide" but it doesn't cover the use of an appendix, and after much googling, I still really don't know.

From what I can tell so far:

Appendix goes after the "references" page
For the in-text reference I just put (Appendix 1) for image 1, (Appendix 2) for image 2, etc.
When adding images to the appendix it goes like this; Appendix 1: Image of something do something. [image]

But then what? Shall I just add a typical reference to the references page? Do I need to add any text to the actual image to say where I got it from? Usually when referencing I would put the rough source in brackets... Such as (author date). Does that need including for the appendix images too?


Any help would be appreciated!

What you have said is correct. Appendices go after the References section, and are titled "Appendix A", "Appendix B" etc. You might be able to use numbers instead if you wish, but I only see published reports with lettered appendices.

All you need to do in the actual appendices is insert the image/chart you are referring to in-text and cite it as "Appendix A shows that..." or whatever you need to do to make it understandable. Make sure you title it, to explain what it is, for example "Appendix A: A bar chart showing...". Don't put appendices in reports and expect them to be self-explanatory, you must cite them in the main body of your report and explain how they contribute.

If you created the images/charts yourself, you don't need to reference them in your References section, but if you got them from another source you should. Put a citation underneath the image/chart if the source is not yours.

For example, in one of my assignments I had to put a questionnaire I did not design in the Appendix section, and I cited the authors and the date underneath it so the reader knows it didn't come from me.

How do I create an APPENDIX in APA style?

 


What is an appendix?

  • A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. 38-9).
  • The content in the appendices should be "easily presented in print format" (APA, 2010, p. 39).
    • Examples:
      • lists of length (short lists belong in the paper itself)
      • detailed descriptions (essential details should be in the paper itself)
      • a list of articles that support data but are not referred to in the paper itself
      • demographic details for subpopulations studied by the paper

 


 

Where does the Appendix appear in the paper?

  • The appendices section, if there is one, is close to the last section of your APA-style paper:
    • title page
    • abstract
    • text of paper
    • references list
    • tables 
    • figures
    • appendices
    • footnotes (APA, 2010, p. 229-230). (Rarely used)

 


 

How to format an appendix:

  • You may have more than one appendix (aka appendices)
  • Each appendix should deal with a separate topic
  • Each appendix must be referred to by name (Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.) in the text of the paper
    • To refer to the Appendix within your text, write, (see Appendix A) at the end of the sentence in parentheses. Example:
      • In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al. (2002) reviewed studies that focused on international bank employees and college students (see Appendix B for demographic information).
  • Each appendix must be labeled with a letter (A, B, C, etc.) according to where it appears in the paper.
      • The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A
      • The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B
      • If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on.
      • If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix
  • Each appendix must also have a title
  • Begin each appendix on a separate page
  • Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization. Label first, title second.
  • Paragraphs
    • The first paragraph is flush left and not indented.
    • The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are.
    • All paragraphs are double spaced.
  • If your appendices include tables or figures, treat them as they would be treated in the main text.
    • See the Abstracts and Appendices page of the APA Guide for more information.
    • Exception to the tables/figures numbering rule: add the letter of the appendix (A, B, C, etc.) to the figure or table number (e.g., Table B3 would be the third table in Appendix B).
  • If your appendices use information from an outside source, cite it parenthetically within the text of the appendix and include the reference in the main references list for the paper (do not create a separate references list).

 


 

A sample appendix is below.

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